One of the most common children'sdiseases is rickets. It is classified as a metabolic disease of an exchange type, caused by a deficiency in the body of phosphorus and calcium salts, as well as a violation of their transportation and metabolism. Rickets in children under the age of one year are quite pronounced. Signs are expressed in violation of the development of the musculoskeletal system of the child. The lack of mineralization of the osteoid (vitamin D deficiency) causes bone disorders.
Signs of the disease in the early period (2-3 months) are manifested by such indicators:
Up to a year the signs of rickets manifestation are subdivided according to the degree of severity:
1. An easy degree. During this period it is immediately noticeable how rickets appear in children:
2. The average degree. In 6-7 months they become noticeable:
3. Heavy degree. It is manifested by various complications:
Closer to the year, it is already evident how rickets look in children:
Shortage in the body of vitamins related togroup B, vitamins A, zinc, magnesium and high-grade protein, is the most common reason for developing rickets in children under one year. Signs of it are determined for many other reasons, for example, because of:
The most common form of the disease is D-deficiency rickets (in case of lack of sunlight, vegetarianism, late introduction of meat, fish, yolk into products).
Of great importance is the prevention of the disease.
The child's health depends entirely on the behavior of the future mother, attentive to her attitude. Prevention should begin in the perinatal period:
Breastfeeding of children under one year is the bestprevention of rickets. No artificial feeding will replace lactose of breast milk, which significantly contributes to the absorption of calcium. Frequent walks in the fresh air are recommended. Allow the child to actively move.
It is undesirable to overuse the baby with flour products, as they inhibit the process of mineralization of bones and the absorption of calcium by the body.</ p>