Rickets in children up to the year: signs of eboliovaniya

One of the most common children'sdiseases is rickets. It is classified as a metabolic disease of an exchange type, caused by a deficiency in the body of phosphorus and calcium salts, as well as a violation of their transportation and metabolism. Rickets in children under the age of one year are quite pronounced. Signs are expressed in violation of the development of the musculoskeletal system of the child. The lack of mineralization of the osteoid (vitamin D deficiency) causes bone disorders.

how is rickets manifested in children

Rickets in children under one year old

Signs of the disease in the early period (2-3 months) are manifested by such indicators:

  • shyness and anxiety;
  • anxious and superficial sleep;
  • wincing at the sharp sounds;
  • increased sweating of the face and occipital part of the head.

How is rickets in children manifested?

Up to a year the signs of rickets manifestation are subdivided according to the degree of severity:

1. An easy degree. During this period it is immediately noticeable how rickets appear in children:

  • obvious compliance of the bones of the skull and the edges of the fontanel on the head;
  • inability to hold the head;
  • pronounced rib "beads".

2. The average degree. In 6-7 months they become noticeable:

  • muscular and neural disorders;
  • motor delay (does not turn over and does not sit);
  • Growth and weight gain are slowed;
  • there is a development of softening of bones;
  • the schedule of teething has been broken.

3. Heavy degree. It is manifested by various complications:

what does rickets look like in children:

  • defeat of internal organs;
  • abnormalities in the bone and nervous system;
  • lag of mental and
    physical development.

Closer to the year, it is already evident how rickets look in children:

  • thickening of ribs;
  • slight protrusion or hollow of the thorax;
  • violation of posture and deformation of limbs.

Causes of the disease

Shortage in the body of vitamins related togroup B, vitamins A, zinc, magnesium and high-grade protein, is the most common reason for developing rickets in children under one year. Signs of it are determined for many other reasons, for example, because of:

  • hereditary predisposition;
  • lack of salts of phosphates and calcium;
  • prematurity;
  • malnutrition and frequent illnesses;
  • poor ecology;
  • endocrine disorders.

The most common form of the disease is D-deficiency rickets (in case of lack of sunlight, vegetarianism, late introduction of meat, fish, yolk into products).

Of great importance is the prevention of the disease.

Preventive measures
rickets in children up to a year, signs

The child's health depends entirely on the behavior of the future mother, attentive to her attitude. Prevention should begin in the perinatal period:

  • with walks in the fresh air;
  • with high-grade food;
  • with timely treatment of anemia and toxicosis;
  • with taking prescribed medications and vitamins.

Breastfeeding of children under one year is the bestprevention of rickets. No artificial feeding will replace lactose of breast milk, which significantly contributes to the absorption of calcium. Frequent walks in the fresh air are recommended. Allow the child to actively move.

It is undesirable to overuse the baby with flour products, as they inhibit the process of mineralization of bones and the absorption of calcium by the body.

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