According to an old saying, a child whoa lot of birthmarks, be sure to be happy. Many believe that the location and number of these specks on the body can be used to judge the future of the person and his character.
Many are convinced that the spots on our body were with us at the time of birth. But this is not so. A very small number of babies at birth have them.
When does a child have birthmarks? These specks, which develop from the cells of the nevus, are transmitted by genetic means. Birthmarks can be congenital. They are popularly called birthmarks. Such a mole in a child grows with him. And this phenomenon is natural.
You can see it with the naked eye. Over time, spots become dark. Parents see that there are birthmarks on the body of a child. Relate to this phenomenon in different ways. There are people who are proud of their grades of the genus, they are eagerly awaiting the appearance of the same speck of their baby.
Why does a child have birthmarks? There are several reasons for this. First of all birthmarks in children arise due to genetic predisposition. For example, one of the parents has the same dark spot located almost in the same place on the body. It is impossible to get rid of this phenomenon. Even if the birthmark does not adorn the baby, the operation to remove it should not be done. The probability of reappearance of the nevus is great.
When a child has birthmarks, you can put forward a hypothesis about the hormonal cause of this phenomenon. However, as a rule, this does not occur in infancy.
With a high degree of coincidence, it is possible to foresee in advance the presence of a congenital nevus in a baby. Most often birthmarks at birth are observed in the following cases:
- in fair-skinned children;
- in girls (four to five times more often than boys);
- in premature babies.
When do birthmarks appear in children? This process is individual. It depends on the maturation of the child, the time of his stay in the sun, as well as from genetics.
In the case when the first birthmarks of the pope orMom appeared late, then surely not sooner they will arise and their children. If a child has many moles, then most likely, a large number of these marks there and his parents.
In order for the child to be protected from educationnew birthmarks, it should be protected from exposure to sunlight. Do not let the baby burn in the sun. In the summer season, the head of the child must necessarily have a panama, and the open areas of the skin are protected with light clothing. Precautions must be taken before leaving home. To prevent the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays on the baby's skin, sunscreen should be applied. In the event that you took a child to the beach, it should be kept in the shade under an umbrella.
If parents are scared by the child's appearancebirthmarks, you should consult a pediatrician or a dermatologist. The doctor will examine the neoplasm and determine if they represent a danger to the health of the baby. It is worth saying that malignant specks in infancy - an extremely rare phenomenon. However, it is important to monitor how the baby's mole grows, develops, how it manifests itself. You should pay attention to the reaction of the baby to this neoplasm, because nevi occur on those parts of the skin where the immune defense is significantly reduced, which is the reason for changing their color and size. At the same time, there is a high probability of inflammatory processes and even the degeneration of birthmarks. Given this fact, we can talk about the potential danger of even the most inconspicuous nevi. However, parents should not panic in advance. The likelihood that the baby's moles begin to reborn is extremely small. It does not depend on the number of newly formed spots, nor on whether they were present on the body of a newborn when it was born or not.
In medical practice, there is a certainclassification of nevi. There are birthmarks vascular and conventional. The first have certain differences in their structure. They consist of a large number of blood vessels. These are red moles in children. In this case, their color can have a different shade range - from pink to bright red. The appearance of such nevi can also be different. Red moles can be both convex and flat. They are benign, but are usually removed because of their unaesthetic appearance.
These nevi are worth noting separately. They are classified into the following types:
- birthmarks of salmon color, or, as they are also called, "bite of the stork";
- flaming nevi, or "wine spots".
Hemangiomas do not appear immediately. After the birth of the baby, it can take two to three weeks or even six to twelve months, when such a nevus becomes noticeable. It can appear anywhere on the body. At the same time, its dimensions increase rapidly. However, after the baby turns a year and a half, this speck usually turns pale and acquires a flesh color. Virtually all children have hemangiomas already by the age of ten.
Most often, children are "stork bite". These nevi appear, as a rule, in the nape of the neck, on the eyelids or on the bridge of the nose. In this case, such neoplasms have the appearance of a large pink patch or a cluster of small spots.
On the face or on the scalp may occurflaming nevus. It increases in size along with the growth of the child. With age, this spot does not disappear. It can not be removed. With a flaming nevus, a course of treatment is recommended, which can be performed with the help of laser therapy.
In the event that such a stain is not amenable totreatment, it can be tried to remove or disguise, using cosmetic means. Hide such a nevus under the tan is impossible. It will still acquire a darker color than the skin. Birthmarks should be carefully protected from sunlight.
Examination of moles in patients should producequalified specialist. In this case, you can contact a dermatologist or an oncologist. Remove birthmarks in beauty parlors, especially in children, is strictly prohibited. Painless and well-heeled specialists from good clinics will help you to get rid of it.
To remove moles there is a laser. The radio wave method will help to remove them. The nevus can be simply cut out with a scalpel. The last way doctors consider the most reliable, safe and effective. And this despite the outwardly frightening actions.
Indications for the removal of nevuses as in adults,so in children should be very serious. For aesthetic purposes, such operations are extremely rare, as the consequences can be very serious. That's why before removing the mole, you should see if it is injured by clothes or folds of the skin, or maybe it is on a thin stalk and is about to come off. Best of all, if such nevuses are removed in a timely manner.</ p>