Psychological diagnostics, being one of thekey areas in the practice of a practitioner, has a significant weight in all his work. So, without it, it becomes impossible to carry out either psycho-prophylaxis, counseling, or expertise. Psychological diagnostics is a defining component of checking the effectiveness of the therapeutic and pedagogical process. It is necessary for clarifying the structure of developmental disorders and abilities for learning in children, in differentiating pathologies, to justify the methods of the most effective corrective and educational influence, and so on.
This branch of science provides for various psychodiagnostic techniques. They are developed and applied for the most effective recognition of individual human abilities.
In a practical sense, psychological diagnosisis the process of determining a particular disease. In this case, the description of the state is carried out by means of certain methods; it can be an element of the experiment or act as an independent method of investigation. Diagnosis of the individual, in addition, can represent a field of activity of the practitioner.
Practical use of this directionscience is noted in various areas of the specialist's work. So, for example, psychological diagnosis is used by a psychologist during counseling or correction, and in cases when he is the author or participant of research or experiments. However, as practice shows, most often this line of activity is an independent, separate type of practice.
The goal of psychodiagnostics is the statement of psychological diagnoses - an assessment of the existing psychological state of people.
During the survey, specialists define three main stages:
If viewed from the theoretical side, thendiscipline deals with constant and variable indicators that give a characterization of the inner world of a person. On the one hand, psychological diagnosis can be viewed as a method by which to verify theoretical constructs. On the other hand, this discipline reflects the way of movement from generalization and abstract theory to concrete facts.
Psychodiagnostics contributes to the solution of several problems.
So, discipline allows you to establish a person(people), these or other psychological qualities and properties or features of behavior. In addition, psychodiagnosis describes diagnosed behavioral and psychological characteristics in situations where it is necessary. Discipline allows you to determine the level of development of a property, express it in specific qualitative and quantitative values. Psychodiagnostics also helps to identify the degree of development of the characteristics studied in different people.
All the above tasks are solved within the framework ofdiscipline, both independently and in a complex. This mainly depends on the purpose of the study. It should be noted that in almost all cases, in addition to a qualitative description of the results obtained, it is necessary to possess the methods of quantitative analysis.
Among the basic methods of psychodiagnosticsto select questionnaires, productive, asserting, effective, unconscious, physiological, conscious, sensory, technical, blank and others. At the same time, the same reception can be qualified in accordance with various criteria, in connection with which, it can belong to different classification groups.</ p>