Ovarian cancer. Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risks

Ovarian cancer is the fifth most commononcological disease. In Russia, this disease occurs in 77 women per 100,000. The age in which ovarian cancer most often occurs, the symptoms are more active, on average is 60 years. Most often, this problem worries women who live in developed countries. Perhaps this is due to the way of life in modern large cities.

Cancer of the ovary
Physical and chemical factors, harmful conditionslife - all this contributes to increasing the risk of developing cancer. But it is worth noting that there were no carcinogens that would cause ovarian cancer.

From medical workers, very oftento hear that with a disease such as ovarian cancer, the symptoms are almost not manifested until the time. Therefore, he is considered a "silent killer". The pathological process becomes noticeable only when it goes beyond the tumor-affected ovary.

Causes of ovarian cancer

The causes of this disease have been studied rather poorly. The risk factors include: the presence of the disease in a family history, the absence of pregnancy, as well as the presence of cancer of the uterus or breast.

Cancer of the ovary. Symptoms

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
It is worth noting that ovarian cancer symptoms can anddo not call. The disease will be asymptomatic until the later stages. That is why most patients contact a doctor only when the ovarian cancer reaches the III or IV stage, because then the patient's kahexicity manifests itself, the urination and defecation processes are violated. In general, it should be said that in the early stages of ovarian cancer symptoms can cause symptoms, but they will be virtually indistinguishable from benign neoplasm in this area. The first thing the patient will complain about is pain in the lumbar region and abdominal region, his swelling, ascites.

Diagnosis of the disease

If the patient has a suspicion of cancerovaries, the first studies to which he will be sent are rectovaginal and vaginal. In the event that during the palpation the gynecologist will find the formation, then the patient will be directed to the ultrasound of the small pelvis, which is the most informative noninvasive study for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. This is due to the fact that after the ultrasound can get information about the nature of the process.

In addition, patients suspected of havingmalignant neoplasm in the ovarian region, prescribe x-ray studies of the intestine and stomach, as well as breast. This is necessary in order to determine if the tumor has metastasized.

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

Despite the fact that medicine does not stand still, butmethods of research more and more, the most correct was and remains the technique of studying a biopsy taken directly from the ovary. It is this study that will give us full information about the nature of the tumor process, and, consequently, will help to choose the correct tactics of treatment.

Most importantly - when the first symptoms appearthis disease as soon as possible to see a doctor. It is he who can accurately determine the nature of the tumor, if any. A timely medical intervention is a guarantee that the chances of successful treatment will increase by an order of magnitude.

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