Episcleritis of the eye is a disease that carriesinflammatory character. The disease has its own characteristics and requires therapy. This process affects the external sclera, which is located between the internal sclera and conjunctiva. As a rule, the disease is benign. The disease is easy, but the propensity to relapse persists. The disease can periodically disturb the patient, hitting both eyes. In most cases, it cures itself.
Why there is an episcleritis of the eye? The causes of this disease can not be precisely established, since most people do not consult a doctor with such a disease. As studies show, epicleritis occurs in those who suffer from systemic diseases. The number of such cases is one-third of all visits with a similar ailment to the doctor. In 11% of patients, there was an increase in the amount of uric acid in the blood.
Often episcleritis of the eye is provoked by suchdiseases like systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis. These ailments most often affect the connective tissue. This category includes ankylosing spondylitis and nodular polyarthritis.
Also, the development of episcleritis can be caused by diseases that are infectious in nature: viral, including herpes, parasitic, fungal, as well as Lyme disease, tuberculosis, syphilis.
There are other causes of the development of the disease: chemical exposure, foreign body, gout, T-cell leukemia, necrobiotic xanthogranulem, dermatomyositis, paraproteinemia.
What does the eyes look like? Photo of the disease is presented above. At the moment, several forms of the disease are distinguished: nodular and simple. There is a migratory variant of the disease and rosacea-episcleritis.
A simple form is more common. Its main features:
In autumn and spring, as well as with hormonal changes and stressful loads, the symptoms described above are more frequent.
For nodular episcleritis is characteristicformation of nodules of a circular shape covered with hyperemic conjunctiva formed near the limbus. At the same time, the pain is more pronounced. The acute form of the disease can be replaced by periods of relief. At the same time, with every recurrence, the process can become very aggravated.
In extreme cases, there are signs ofcornea: recesses saucer-shaped at the edge or in the form of peripheral infiltrates. In 10% of all cases, symptoms of anterior uvitis - an inflammatory process that affects the vascular membrane of the organ of vision.
With this form, the disease does not cause lacrimation and photophobia.
Epicleritis of the eye can be migratory. With this form, the focus of the inflammatory process can occur suddenly. In this case, the ailment can alternately manifest in one or the other eye. Most often this form is accompanied by angioedema and eyelid migraine. In a few days the symptoms may disappear.
Rosacea-epicleritis is manifested in the same way asmigratory form. In this case, the symptoms can be accompanied by damage to the cornea and pink acne on the skin, localized only on the face. According to these signs, the doctor can determine the severity of the disease.
If there are signs of episcleritis of the eye, thenFirst of all it is worth to visit a doctor. In this case, you should consult an ophthalmologist. With the development of the disease, it is not necessary to worry particularly, as it proceeds in a mild form and does not practically cause discomfort.
In some cases, the epicleritis of the eye arisesimperceptibly for the person and as imperceptibly disappears. In such situations, treatment is reduced to waiting, when the ailment simply passes by itself. To speed up this process, the doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs.
In this case, the expert advises to avoidOverexertion and ensure maximum rest to the eyes. Otherwise, the state may deteriorate. If pain occurs in the organs of vision, drops from a number of medications of artificial tears or corticosteroids are prescribed. Also, oral non-steroid agents are allowed.
Disease of the eyes episcleritis most often occurs against the background of another disease. Therefore, experts recommend treating not only the eyes, but also the ailment, against which the inflammatory process in the eyes developed.
Specialists recommend to begin to eliminateirritants, which can cause the development of an allergic reaction. With such a disease as episcleritis of the eye, a good result is the use of desensitizing agents, for example, calcium chloride, dimedrol or cortisone.
If the underlying pathology is rheumatic in nature, then salicylates and butadion are prescribed. When infections - drops with sulfonamide drugs or antibiotics.
If the disease has occurred against the background of a tuberculosis-allergic condition, it is often prescribed ftivazid and other anti-tuberculosis drugs.
In addition to the above drugs, the doctor can offer treatment with phytopreparations, and also prescribe physiotherapy procedures.</ p>