Psychoneurological Institute. Bechterew was created by Academician, outstanding Russian psychiatrist, the founder of pathopsychological direction and reflexology in Russia - Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev. It was he who organized it in 1907 as a research and higher educational institution. For many years the Bekhterev Institute was the only institution on the territory of Russia in which clinical and pedagogical activity was successfully combined. Vladimir Mihajlovich fairly considered, that for the future practical and scientific work of any doctor it is required to receive not only medical, but also legal and philosophical education.
In 1911, the Bekhterev Institute in St. PetersburgFor the first time in Russian medical practice, he organized and conducted so-called repeat courses for specialists in neuropathology and psychiatry. Lectures on the latest discoveries and achievements affecting these industries were read by leading clinicians for six weeks. Twenty-five doctors were trained in these advanced training courses in the history of Russian medicine. In addition, training programs of this type for physicians of other specialties were prepared. Unfortunately, the war that began in 1914 did not allow Vladimir Mikhailovich to implement this project.
In 1919 the Bekhterev Institute was reorganized. The presented educational faculties, according to the corresponding order, were transformed into such higher educational institutions as, for example, the St. Petersburg Chemical and Pharmaceutical Academy, and became the base of several departments of the Faculty of Psychology of the University. It was the Bekhterev Institute in the former USSR that became the first institution whose activities were aimed at the development of psychotherapy and the revival of clinical psychology in Russia. Since 1993, this medical institution is the foundation of the World Health Organization in the field of scientific research, training of professional personnel and organization of psycho-neurological care. In 2001, as a tribute to the historical tradition, the Institute recreated the Training Center, which today implements the educational activities of the Institute and is the leading institution in the country.
Speaking of Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev and histhe main child, it is impossible not to mention Bekhterev Natalia Petrovna - the granddaughter of the famous academician. She followed in his footsteps and in 1947 graduated from the Leningrad Medical Institute. Natalia Petrovna was very interested in the works of Bekhterev and herself later wrote many books. In 1992, she was appointed head of the scientific group of the neurophysiology of consciousness, creativity and thinking of the Institute of the Human Brain of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the latter, by the way, at that time was called - the Bekhtereva Institute. In addition, Natalia Petrovna worked for a long time at the Research University of Experimental Medicine. If we talk about the main contribution that the granddaughter of a famous academician left in the field of medicine, then this is a scientific school in the field of human brain physiology. It was in her time created by Natalia Bekhtereva. The Institute of the Brain - the place of her last work - has largely helped and helped lay the foundations for future fundamental research.
Currently, the Training Center is organizingtraining in five main specialties. This is neurology, psychiatry, psychotherapy, clinical psychology and psychiatry-narcology. At the same time, all the necessary conditions have been created for continuing professional education by future specialists due to simultaneous implementation of basic and various supplementary educational programs. Also, all comers are given the opportunity to master several curricula at once. In addition, training is available on an individual program. The Institute provides students with the opportunity to participate in the work, and attend various regional and international scientific and practical conferences, schools and seminars.
The main professional educationalprograms implemented by the Institute today are postgraduate studies, residency and internship. In addition, soon the administration of this institution plans to start a magistracy.
In the role of additional professional programsthere are programs of thematic improvement, advanced training and professional retraining. To the development of all of them, persons who are only receiving or already possessing higher professional education are allowed. In addition, absolutely all programs combine clinical and theoretical training, supervisory training and special skills.
If we talk about the specifics of training inThe Bekhterev Institute, then first of all it should be said that here a lot of attention is paid to educational work during the training of specialists. The latter is aimed at expanding erudition, forming a high spiritual level, adherence to the traditions of this professional institution, as well as introducing to national cultural values. For postgraduate students, residents and interns, special lecture programs are held in the museum of the Institute, as well as an obligatory visit to the excursion seminar within the walls of the Russian Museum.
Upon completion of the learning process, each listenerreceives an official document approved by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education. Especially it should be noted that at present the educational activity of this Institute is not only on a commercial, but also on a budgetary basis.
There is this educational institution in the house numberthree along Bekhterev street. The Institute (the address has not changed for a very long time) occupies a large three-story building. Today, here is the administration of a higher educational institution, an advisory department, a psychodiagnostic and clinical psychology laboratory, a department of community psychiatry and child psychiatry, a physiotherapy department, and a geriatric psychiatry unit. In addition, at this address is a training center, a clinic of neuroses, a center for diagnostic studies and much more.</ p>