Cancer of blood directly affects production andfunctioning of blood cells. Malignant process often begins in the bone marrow. Bone marrow stem cells mature and develop, acquiring characteristics of blood cells of one of three types: erythrocytes, leukocytes or platelets. In the presence of cancer, the process of normal cellular development is disrupted due to uncontrolled growth of pathological blood cells. These are cancer cells that interfere with the basic functions of the blood. In particular, the mechanisms for ensuring protection against infections and preventing severe bleeding are violated.
There are three main types of oncological pathologies, commonly referred to as "blood cancer". Symptoms (signs), treatment and rehabilitation depend on the type of disorder and the stage of the disease.
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and lymphatic system.
There are many forms of this disease. Some of them are more common in children, others - in adults.
Symptoms of blood cancer in adults (leukemia) differ depending on the subtype of the disease. However, we can identify a number of common features, among which are listed:
Be sure to consult with a therapist if you are concerned about any of the above symptoms.
The signs of leukemia are often devoid of clarity and specificity. They are easy not to notice or attributed to the account of a more common disease - for example, the flu.
In rare cases, the analysis given to diagnose another malaise reveals blood cancer. Causes, symptoms (signs), treatment and rehabilitation in such cases are of an individual nature.
There are factors that increase the risk of developing certain types of leukemia. These include the following:
Nevertheless, not all people in risk groupsfall ill with leukemia. Conversely, potential patients of oncologists often do not suspect that they are threatened with blood cancer. Symptoms in women are similar in many respects to signs of hormonal failure or infection.
Myeloma (including multiple) is an oncological disease of plasma cells. These cells help fight infections by creating antibodies that recognize and destroy parasites.
Myeloma causes congestion pathologicallyaltered cells in the bone marrow, where they gradually displace healthy cells. Instead of producing useful antibodies, cancerous growths produce pathological proteins that subsequently cause kidney problems.
Myeloma does not require active treatment ifthe patient does not suffer from symptoms. If there are corresponding signs, the doctor prescribes procedures and medicines that facilitate the manifestation of symptoms of blood cancer of this species.
In the early stages of the disease, the symptoms of blood cancer in adults, as a rule, are absent. Later the following conditions may occur:
The following circumstances increase the risk of myeloma development:
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system designed to fight diseases.
The lymphatic system includes lymph nodes (lymph glands), spleen, fork (zobnuyu) gland and bone marrow. Cancer can affect all these elements, as well as other organs throughout the body.
There are many varieties of this disease, but in the first place it is divided into two types:
Treatment depends on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as on thewishes of the patient. Radio, chemotherapy, biological therapy, and stem cell transplantation are commonly used to help stop blood cancer. Causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease are determined on an individual basis.
Earlier this illness was called Hodgkin's disease. In cancer of this type, an abnormal growth of cells of the lymphatic system is diagnosed, which can spread beyond its limits. As the disease progresses, the body's ability to resist infections is impaired.
Innovative methods of diagnosis and treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma give patients with this diagnosis the hope for a full recovery. Currently, the forecast continues to improve.
In order to ensure timely detection and treatment of the disease, special attention should be paid to the following main symptoms of blood cancer (Hodgkin's lymphoma):
What can cause the development of blood cancer? Factors that increase the risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma include the following:
With non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, tumors develop from lymphocytes - white blood cells.
This disease is much more common thanHodgkin's lymphoma. According to statistics, the most common subspecies of this blood cancer are diffuse large-cell B-cell lymphoma (DCL) and follicular lymphoma.
On subjective grounds it is not always possible to immediately determine this blood cancer. Symptoms in women, as in men, include the following:
Some circumstances can increase the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Among them:
In the United States, the diagnosis of "blood cancer" is made approximately every three minutes. Every ten minutes an American dies from leukemia, myeloma or lymphoma - this is approximately 152 people a day.
More than 310,000 US residents live with a diagnosis"leukemia," almost 731,000 treat Hodgkin's lymphoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 89,000 are struggling with myeloma. The forecast is most favorable for representatives of the Caucasoid race.</ p>