Herniated spine (intervertebral hernia) is a prolapse of the pulpous nucleus from the intervertebral disc. Very often this disease occurs with osteochondrosis or scoliosis.
In order to understand the causes of education andsigns of a hernia of the spine, it is necessary to have an idea of the anatomy of a person. So, the spine consists of separate vertebrae and discs between them, which perform the function of shock absorbers during the movement. With a hernia, the discs gradually deform and begin to move out of the way, while the pulpous core goes beyond the fibrous membrane, tearing it out and squeezing the nerve roots. Most often, herniation of the spine occurs in the lumbar region, since it is this area that accounts for the greatest burden. Less often the occurrence of this disease is traced in the cervical and thoracic parts of the spine.
Depending on the site of the herniated spine, the symptoms of the disease are different. However, general symptoms include: acute pain, numbness of the hands and feet and muscle spasms.
The first symptoms of a spinal hernia canappear already by the age of 20 and manifest painful sensations in the lumbar region or in other departments. The most common disease in people aged 50 years, and not only in men, but also in women.
If manifested in the lumbar region of the herniaspine, the symptoms are represented by a constantly increasing pain, spreading from the waist to the leg. Pain interferes with normal movement and walking, with the progression of the disease in the patient, the work of other internal organs may be disrupted.
At the very beginning of the disease, the pain is felt inthe area of the waist, then gradually begins to give in the leg, the patient appears numbness and tingling. Sharp pain does not give a normal full movement.
If manifested in the cervical herniaspine, the symptoms are also represented by pain syndrome, only in the arm region. Also there are headaches, limitation of the mobility of the cervical region, the symmetry of the neck muscles is lost.
If manifested in the thoracic area of the herniaspine, the symptoms are very similar to heart pain, since pain occurs during inspiration or exhalation in the chest. This type of intervertebral hernia is rarely found in practice.
When conducting diagnostics, it is very importantto analyze complaints of the patient, the causes of the pain and determine in which position of the body the symptoms are observed. This is necessary to exclude all other diseases. And only after the collection of all complaints the strength of muscles is checked, surface diagnostics is carried out, the results of which determine the site of the hernia of the spine. After this, additional studies are performed in the form of MRI, X-ray and CT.
Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI isrelatively new method in modern medicine, which results in a fairly accurate diagnosis. This method of diagnosis is informative, and the results obtained give information on the size of the hernia, its location and other parameters.
CT scan (computed tomography) usingspecial equipment and related software allows you to scan the necessary area of the spine. The result is a printout of the image in three-dimensional form. However, CT is inferior to MRT diagnostics in terms of informativeness and accuracy of the results obtained.
X-rays are mainly used to exclude other diseases of the spine.
It is very important in this disease to diagnose in time the main cause of back pain. This will allow you to choose the right tactics of treatment.
When treating a spinal hernia it is very important not to miss the moment when the condition of the disease still allows you to do without an operation and suspend the active development of the disease.</ p>