Polineuropathy is a disorderNeurological nature, which is the result of damage to the peripheral nerves. There is an acute and chronic form of polyneuropathy. In chronic form, symptoms develop slowly over a long period of time.
There are two types of polyneuropathy - primary andsecondary. To the primary include hereditary and idiopathic polyneuropathies (Guillain-Barre syndrome, Charcot-Marie-Toot disease). To secondary - polyneuropathy for poisoning and metabolic disorders, eating disorders, systemic and infectious diseases, as well as malignant neoplasms.
Among the causes of polyneuropathy - bacterialinfections, autoimmune reaction, poisoning, some medicines, diabetes, excessive alcohol consumption, anemia, hypothyroidism (decreased thyroid function), excess of vitamin B6. Today, the most common cause of chronic form of polyneuropathy is the elevated blood sugar level, which is characteristic of diabetes. Arising in the absence of proper treatment of diabetes neurological disorder is commonly called diabetic polyneuropathy. In general, this disease can become both the first symptom of diabetes, and will manifest in a diabetic after many years. Nevertheless, polyneuropathy of the lower limbs is found in 90% of diabetic patients.
Polyneuropathy, whose treatment depends firstthe turn from its form, can differ in different symptoms. Depending on the causes of the disease, the motor, sensory and cranial nerves can be affected. What nerves are damaged, affects the symptoms, the pace with which polyneuropathy develops, the treatment of the disease and its prevention.
Thus, the symptoms of polyneuropathy arise sharply andsuddenly. First, weakness, tingling, or loss of sensation appears in the legs. In the case of damage to the nerves responsible for muscle activity and regulation of the breathing process, acute polyneuropathy, whose treatment has also begun untimely, can lead to impaired respiratory functions.
In the case of a chronic form of polyneuropathyonly the ability to sense is disturbed. As a rule, the first symptoms appear in the legs, less often in the hands. These symptoms include tingling, burning, numbness, loss of a sense of position. The loss of the feeling of the situation can make even such simple actions as walking, difficult to accomplish. Ultimately, weakening the muscles can make a person incompetent.
When polyneuropathy is often affected nerves of the nervoussystems that control the reflective functions (urination, salivation, blood pressure, digestion). Such polyneuropathy, its treatment and diagnosis is different from the usual. Symptoms - incontinence, sexual dysfunction, constipation, fluctuations in blood pressure.
Polyneuropathy of the lower extremities: treatment
Since polyneuropathy is a complex condition,which can be both an independent nosological unit and a symptom of some other disease, its treatment and diagnosis require the work of highly qualified specialists using a wide range of procedures. In the case of diabetic polyneuropathy, therapeutic measures are aimed at stabilizing the metabolism of carbohydrates. The fact is that polyneuropathy aggravates the state of diabetes. As prevention and treatment of the disease should change shoes and more carefully care for your feet. Sometimes, in combination with basic treatment, polyneuropathy treatment with folk remedies is allowed. If you follow your feet and follow all the instructions of specialists, the disease will recede without complications.</ p>