Balneological resorts use mineral waters, which are formed under the influence of geological processes in the bowels of the earth and contain ions of various salts, as therapeutic factors.
According to the gas composition, there are rhodonite, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, in mineral composition - chloride, hydrocarbonate, nitrate and sulfide.
In addition, the chemical composition of the water allowsto subdivide them into glandular, siliceous, arsenic, iodine, and containing various biologically active microelements. By the amount of mineral salts in grams contained in 1 liter, they are divided into high, medium and weak mineral waters.
Balneological resorts, their wellnesseffect based on the action of baths of mineral water on the human body. Gases and salts dissolved in water have a specific local effect on skin receptors.
Carbonic mineral baths improveactivity of the cardiovascular system, their influence is favorable for coronary circulation, they normalize blood pressure, activate the work of the central nervous system and the work of endocrine glands. Balneological resorts of Russia using this type of water are located in Kislovodsk and Darasun.
Hydrogen sulfide baths dilate the skin vessels,facilitating the work of the heart, helping to heal skin lesions, and removing the products of protein decay from the body. Hydrogen sulfide has a resolving, anti-inflammatory, desensitizing and analgesic effect. On the cardiovascular system, its effect is the same as that of carbonic baths. Russian balneological resorts on which hydrosulphuric baths are treated are located in Pyatigorsk and Sochi-Matsesta.
The action of radon baths on the body is due toalpha radiation, which is released during the decay of radon atoms. Radon has an analgesic and sedative effect, reduces blood pressure, improves the activity of the heart. Under its influence, faster healing of lesions occurs in bone and muscle tissues.
Balneological resorts also useThe therapeutic effect of mineral water, which it has when administered orally. It is due to the salts contained in the liquid, microelements, gases. Mineral water is used, as a rule, in the treatment of the digestive system.
Usually for medicinal purposes, mineral water is taken directly at the source - the pump room. Thus, its useful properties are better preserved.
Drinking mineral water acts on the body in accordance with its chemical composition.
Hydrocarbonate waters of the resorts of the CIS countries (Essentuki, Borzhomi, Zheleznovodsk, Darasun, Morshin) regulate motor and secretory functions of the stomach.
Chloride waters increase the secretion of gastric juice, as well as its acidity.
Sulphide waters, on the contrary, reduce the secretion of gastric juice and have a cholagogic and laxative effect. In Russia, sulfide waters are treated in Pyatigorsk.
Bulgaria also has a lot of mineralsources. Balneological resorts in Bulgaria, numbering over 50, are located throughout the country. The most famous are Albena, Pomorie, Velingrad, Hisara.</ p>