Dermatological diseases are the most difficulta group of diseases with which doctors have to work. The thing is that the skin itself usually does not fall ill. There are several factors contributing to the development of various inflammatory processes. The first is mechanical damage, here the cause and effect are clear and understandable, and a solution can be found. The second is violations in the work of internal organs, most often systemic. In this case, the cause is difficult to find, but it is necessary in order to cure the disease. Modern pharmacology has long been trying to find a cure that would quickly remove unpleasant symptoms (itching, redness) and completely cure the ailment. Unfortunately, while universal and safe means for treatment of all skin diseases are not present.
To alleviate the condition of the patient with atopicdermatitis often prescribed ointment "Protopic". Analogues of this remedy are also sold in the pharmacy network. And, it should be noted, there are a lot of them. Today, our task is to review the most effective drugs for the treatment of skin diseases. All material is given for informational purposes only. For recommendations, you need to contact your doctor.
This anti-inflammatory external medicinala remedy that is now widely used by dermatologists. Ointment perfectly removes the inflammation of the skin and does not cause their atrophy. Indication for use is atopic dermatitis of medium and severe form. Today we want to tell the reader what is the alternative to using the "Protopic" drug. Analogues in most cases are more sparing, and this drug is prescribed, if all other options have not produced a positive effect.
Dermatologists recommend applying ointmentdirectly on the affected skin. The active substance is tacrolimus. The duration of therapy is a maximum of three weeks. At this time, the ointment is applied twice a day. After that, maintenance therapy is possible, in which the ointment is applied once a few days.
We will touch on this topic a bit, so that the readerit was clear why doctors have to look for an alternative, although it would seem that there is already a suitable remedy for treatment. If you can not use Protopik, analogues are a solution, the only task is to make the right choice.
How can I replace Protopik? Analogs should have similar properties, although the same composition - the condition is not mandatory. And the most famous of them is the "Elidel" ointment, which we will now talk about. It is used for atopic dermatitis, that is, for eczema. The drug is indicated for the treatment of children and adults. He has few contraindications, first of all it is a children's age of up to three months. The active substance is pimecrolimus.
If the skin diseases developed in the child, thenthe doctor probably will not prescribe ointment "Protopik". Analogs can provide the same effect, but with less risk. And first of all, you should pay attention to "Elidel". It is a dermatological drug for topical application, and compared with other corticosteroids, it has a lower penetrating ability, which makes it safer.
We have already mentioned that up to 16 yearsit is undesirable to use "Protopic" ointment. Analogues are used with great success in pediatrics. In particular, the ointment "Elidel" is used even for the treatment of babies. Approximately 6 weeks will be required in order to relieve itching, infiltration and erythematous inflammation. And using an ointment within a year, it is possible to achieve persistent improvement and even complete disappearance of symptoms and periods of exacerbations of allergic, contact dermatitis.
And we continue to talk about what to replaceProtopik. Analogues (generics) have their own characteristics, but all these drugs help us cope with the most severe skin diseases. Very well recommended itself ointment "Fladix", which is perfectly suitable for treating a huge range of problems.
It is noteworthy that it is used for treatmentadults and children. Flandex is included in the composition. It is highly effective in combating viral diseases. Apply directly to the affected area, the ointment quickly removes inflammation and pain, and also relieves itching. Like the "Protopik" preparation, analogues and substitutes exhibit antiallergic properties.
The drug helps to quickly cope with diseases such as shingles, or pemphigus. What is noteworthy: after application to the skin the drug is not found in the blood serum.
With dermatitis of various origin ointmentis applied to the affected area several times a day. It is advisable to start therapy from the moment the first signs of the disease appear. Duration of treatment should not exceed two weeks. With psoriasis, the course is prolonged to 30 days. In case of relapse, the course of treatment can be repeated 2 or more times.
A little later we will talk about nonhormonalmedicines, which can successfully replace the ointment "Protopic". Analogues in Russia are much cheaper, and they are not less, and often even more effective, than expensive foreign original funds. Below we will look at some more remarkable medicines.
Next on our list is hormonalmedicinal preparation "Flucinar" (Poland). The composition is fluocinolone acetonide. This drug is shown for acute and severe inflammatory skin diseases. It can be dermatitis of various origins, dry or wet eczema, psoriasis.
Apply this drug externally. Multiplicity of application should not exceed two times a day. The course of treatment is usually appointed for up to 14 days. Contraindicated drug in bacterial, viral and fungal diseases of the skin, wound injuries and tumors. Use in pediatrics must be approved by the attending physician.
Be sure to ask the doctor if you needhave appointed a preparation "Protopik". Analogues are cheap in pharmacies in a large assortment, you just need to know about them. For example, the drug Acriderm (active ingredient - betamethasone dipropionate) is a glucocorticosteroid for topical application. It inhibits the accumulation of leukocytes and promotes the development of anti-inflammatory mediators. As a result, the focus of inflammation begins to decrease, and discomfort gradually fades away.
When applied to the skin, the drug acts muchfaster than the "Protopik". Analogues domestic today deserve more and more consumer confidence, and the ointment Acriderm has not become an exception. The drug reduces the severity of edema and subjective sensations (itching, irritation and pain). In this case, the absorption of the active substance into the blood is minimal.
Some doctors believe that the most effectivea combination for the treatment of dermatitis is flumethasone and salicylic acid. And some dermatologists are sure that the result of using such a duet will be much more noticeable than from the classic protopic. The instruction (analogous to the Polish production is well known to dermatologists and pediatricians) emphasizes that "Lorinden" ointment is a reliable, sparing agent for combating atopic dermatitis and psoriasis, red lupus and flat phallus.
Combined drug quickly rendersanti-inflammatory, anti-edematous, anti-allergic effect. At the same time, the salicylic acid that is part of it supplements it with antibacterial and fungicidal properties. The drug is applied to the affected areas with a thin layer 2-3 times a day. After the complete disappearance of painful symptoms, you need to continue treatment for another 3-4 days. However, even for chronic diseases, the course should not exceed three weeks.
Another Russian analogue of "Protopika". The active substance is triamcinolone. With great success is used in the treatment of inflammatory and allergic skin diseases. It can be eczema and psoriasis, neurodermatitis, dermatitis. Very economical and affordable, it can do a good job.
The drug is contraindicated in bacterial,viral and fungal infections of the skin, you can not apply ointment on the site with wounds and ulcers. In pregnancy, use is excluded. The list of side effects includes secondary infections and atrophic skin changes, as well as allergic reactions. This analogue ointment "Protopik 0.03" is applied to the affected areas 1-3 times a day for 5-10 days.
It is a hormonal agent that renderstherapeutic effect due to the content of the active substance - prednisolone. It has a positive effect on the damaged skin. The active substance is absorbed into the bloodstream, and then binds to blood proteins and is excreted with feces and urine.
How does prednisolone work? It has an overwhelming effect on the functions of leukocytes and tissue macrophages, which are designed to destroy microorganisms and stabilize the lysosomal membranes. This improves the condition of damaged cells and reduces the permeability of capillaries. Ointment is widely used in the practice of dermatologists. The maximum allowable course is 2-3 weeks. If no visible results are achieved during this time, it is necessary to change the drug.
It must be remembered that, despite its higheffectiveness, hormonal means should be used only when all other methods were powerless. That is, it should start with conventional medicines. Preparations of this group contain extracts of medicinal herbs, as well as natural anti-inflammatory components that eliminate pain and irritation, and also contribute to the early recovery of skin condition.
If we talk about small children, then theyhormonal drugs should be prescribed only in the most extreme case. Their use should be approved by specialists. The most suitable for the delicate skin of children is the cream "Skin-Cap". It quickly removes inflammation and can be used for a long time. In the medicine cabinet it is recommended to have "Panthenol" and "Bepanten". The class of healers includes such drugs as "Kuriozin" and "Actovegin".
It is not necessary to hurry and start using suchstrong means, like "Protopik". Nonhormonal analogs also provide many opportunities for effective treatment. We want to tell you about the preparation of "Timogen", which has very well proved itself in the treatment of skin diseases associated with the violation of the immune system. This cream is intended for treating atopic dermatitis, chronic eczema and pyoderma. The only side effect is the individual intolerance of the components. The drug can be applied to any areas and even large areas of the skin.
This ointment is successfully used in medicine forfighting various skin problems. These are dermatoses and dermatitis, burns and cracks. At the same time the composition of the drug is quite harmless: vitamins A, D, E - and no chemistry! In fact, the task of this cream is to restore normal skin. Therefore, to wait for help from him in the acute phase of the disease is not worth it. But when the main symptoms go away, and you need to deal with the consequences - it's very useful to you. The cream has no contraindications, is quickly absorbed and does not leave a smell.
To summarize, I want to say that all this abundancedrugs is just the tip of the iceberg. In the market today dozens, if not hundreds of different creams and ointments for the treatment of dermatitis and psoriasis. The effectiveness of each of them is different, so do not engage in self-medication. Only a competent specialist can make the correct diagnosis and make an adequate appointment. Given the fact that most of these drugs are hormonal, you need to undergo a thorough examination before starting treatment. Otherwise, you can not only not get rid of the problem, but also earn a new one.</ p>