What are the "Ciclovir" tablets for? The instructions for use, testimonials, indications and analogues of this medicine will be presented below. Also, you will learn about how much this drug costs, whether it has contraindications, and what side effects occur against the background of its administration.
In what form is the "Ciclovir" medication made? Instruction for the use of the drug reports that it is sold in the following forms:
How does the ointment and tablets "Ciclovir" work? Instruction for use informs that this medication is a synthetic antiviral drug. Due to the interaction of its active substance with the enzymes of cells that are infected with the virus, the stopping of their replication is triggered.
By its nature, the medicament in question hasstructural similarity (chemical) with deoxyguanidine. Therefore, it easily interacts with the synthesis of DNA viruses and selectively exerts a detrimental effect on them.
According to the attached instructions, this medication is especially active against such viruses as chicken pox, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and herpes simple.
Is the drug "Ciclovir" (tablets) absorbed? Instruction for use informs that the process of absorption of this drug occurs partly from the intestine. The biological availability of the medicinal product is 20%. Its highest concentration in the blood is observed 1-2 hours after ingestion.
Getting into the systemic bloodstream, the active substance of the drug binds to proteins by 12-15%.
It should be noted that this medication can easily penetrate the BBB.
When do they prescribe Cyclovir (tablets)? Instructions for use indicate that this medication is intended for systemic use in the following cases:
As for the local form of the drug, it is actively used in ophthalmic practice (including keratitis and other eye injuries that were caused by the herpes simplex virus).
External use of the drug is indicated in infections of the skin that were caused by viruses of herpes simplex and chicken pox.
What conditions of the patient forbid prescribing the drug "Ciclovir" (tablets)? Instruction for use reports such contraindications:
"Ciclovir", the reviews are presented at the endarticle, is a very effective antiviral drug. Its dosage and methods of use should be determined only by the doctor. If you do not have the opportunity to visit a doctor, you should carefully read the enclosed instructions.
In what dosage do you prescribe the drug "Ciclovir"(pills)? Instruction for use informs that this medication should be taken orally. Adult patients and children from two years of age, the drug is prescribed 200-400 mg three or five times a day.
If necessary, the dose of the tablets is calculated according to this scheme: 20 mg / kg (that is, up to 800 mg at a time) four times a day.
If the "Ciclovir" method is required for a child up to two years, then it is prescribed in an amount equal to 1/2 the dose for adult patients.
The duration of treatment with this drug is 5-10 days. In case of renal failure, correction of the dosing regimen is necessary.
As a local and external drug"Ciclovir" is prescribed five times a day. The ointment is applied a small layer on the affected area and left in this form for several hours. After a while, the medicine is carefully removed with a cotton pad and repeated application is made.
This form of the drug is appropriate to useafter herpetic eruptions appear above the skin. Its effectiveness is manifested only when the bubbles begin to burst. As a result of local exposure to the ointment, the infection does not spread to other areas of the skin.
Unfortunately, the reception of the drug in questioncontributes to the development of many side effects. The use of tablets, even at recommended dosages, may cause nausea, skin rash, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, headaches, fatigue, dizziness, fever, decreased concentration, drowsiness, hallucinations and insomnia.
Very rarely this medication becomesthe cause of hair loss, a transient increase in the concentration of bilirubin in the blood, creatinine, urea and the activity of hepatic enzymes, as well as lymphocytopenia, erythropenia and leukopenia.
As for the local use of "Ciclovir," it often causes superficial pinpoint keratitis, a burning sensation at the site of application, as well as conjunctivitis and blepharitis.
With external application of ointment at the place of applicationalso possible burning sensations. In addition, the patient can have a skin rash, peeling, itching, dryness and erythema. If the medication in question accidentally gets on the mucous membranes, then there is a risk of their inflammation.
When the dosage of the drug "Ciclovir" is exceededThe patient may experience increased adverse reactions. Such conditions are effectively treated by gastric lavage, hemodialysis, the introduction of plasma and a plasma substitute.
As with other drugs interactsmedicine "Ciclovir"? When this drug is combined with probenecids, the tubular secretion of the active substance decreases. This increases its half-life and concentration in the blood plasma.
Simultaneous reception of "Ciclovir" with nephrotoxic agents increases the risk of developing nephrotoxic effect, especially in people with impaired renal function.
The effect of the drug "Ciclovir" is enhanced with the simultaneous administration of immunostimulants.
It is undesirable to prescribe the drug in questionthose who have severe disorders in the work of the kidneys. When taking "Ciclovir" it is necessary to take into account that it can cause the development of acute renal failure. This is due to the formation of a precipitate in the form of crystals of the active substance.
Treatment of elderly patients should be carried out with sufficient water stress and under the strict supervision of the doctor.
In genital herpes, sexual contact should be avoided, since the use of "Ciclovir" does not prevent the transmission of the virus.
You can replace Cyclovir with such means: Acyclovir, Acyclovir-Vishfa, Acyclovir-Farmak, Valvir,
The price of the medication in question is not very high. You can buy this drug in the amount of 10 tablets for 20-30 rubles.
Now you know what the "Ciclovir" preparation is. Instructions, testimonials, testimonies are presented in the materials of this article.
Herpetic rashes periodically disturbmany people. Therefore, tablets and ointments, intended for their treatment, are very popular. Patients argue that the drug "Ciclovir" manifests itself only on the positive side. It helps to quickly eliminate the skin lesions, which were caused by the herpes virus. The only drawback of this medication is the presence of many side effects.</ p>